REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'BEING HUMAN' - PROJECT 1
Planning & Development, Mind-map - 'Being Human'
04/11/2019 - Monday, BEING HUMAN - PROJECT 1 (PLANNING & DISCUSSION)
What issues from the list seem the most important to you as an individual?
In groups, we discussed issues relating to class systems, social hierarchy as well as human qualities and traits such as 'egoism', 'greediness', and 'hypocritical'. We also discussed more common issues relating to our surroundings such as environmental issues and political conflicts resulting terrorism and war. We also incorporated other interdisciplinary subjects such as religious beliefs, philosophical theories as well as psychological studies exploring mental health issues.
As a group, we finalised with three most important issues which were: "self-destruction", "ego" (standing out and fitting in at the same time) and "privacy". I thought these issues were quite interesting to explore as it also relates to the behaviour and attitudes of how humans behave around a certain situation. It also involves a sense of psychological thinking where the individual has to make a choice of whether he wants to be 'unique' or stay normal in order to 'fit in' with the rest of the group. This reminded me of something I learnt in psychology about in-groups and out-groups. By fitting in a certain group, this builds up self-confidence in the individual by conforming to the groups expectations and standards. Another interesting fact about in-groups that I have learnt in psychology was that humans tend to label or make assumptions of others in the out-group. This is called 'social categorisation', which relates to the notion of hierarchy. This is the reason why certain stereotypes and class status are differentiated.
Personally, I believe that human qualities and traits are most important to me as an individual. These traits can be categorised as positive, engaging qualities which help initiate interaction and communication between humans, but it can also be categorised as negative, conflict-inducing behaviours which may result the downfall and corruption of our world. For example: "greed" and "selfishness" were two qualities which I focused predominantly in this project as I was interested in how we never stop wanting more. It's like there's a sense of urgency which overwhelms the individua, thus making him/her desire more by just looking at other people and what they have. This usually leads to comparison between people and competition between who has the most 'wanted' things in life. Sometimes it just makes me think whether humans really care about what they already have, which sounds a little stupid, but honestly it bothers me how we already have so much but still have other desires. Money is a big example which also leads to self-destruction.
Another issue that I found most important to me as an individual is the human body. Our bodies are made up of different organs, each organ has it's own purpose of existence to perform its given function. I found it really interesting how our bodies our capable of detecting infections from bacterial diseases. Thus, creating antibodies to combat the disease.
Which ideas from the lecture were most inspiring?
I was particularly inspired by Heather Dewey-Hagborg's works on 'Stranger Visions' shown from the lecture. Stranger Visions is a series of portraits created from DNA which the artist had recovered from discarded items such as hair, cigarettes and chewing gum. I saw one of her works in the Wellcome Collection - 'Being Human' and was especially intrigued by how realistic the portrait looks. It made me realise how simple it was to identify a person by just using their DNA and genetic information. This made me want to further explore the biological genetics in our body as well as what happens when our body is infected by a bacterial disease. Since I took biology and psychology in my previous studies, I feel like it would be an interesting idea to incorporate these two subjects in my artwork. Moreover, I think that the idea of incorporating biology and genetics into artwork is very uncommon. Hence, being able to look at all the different artworks in the Wellcome Collection relating to being human has definitely sparked my interest to trying something 'different'.
Heather Dewey-Hagborg's - 'Stranger Visions', 2012
Do some of you share similar concerns? What were the three points your group highlighted?
During our group discussion, there were definitely similar concerns that we all shared which we thought were the most important issues that would impact the world of Homo Sapiens as a whole. Some examples involved: class systems and social status and the ability of humans creating things more powerful than themselves - advanced scientific technology, thus creating their own destructions. We also shared similar concerns relating to the issue of gender inequality, racism and sexuality. I think that the idea of labelling and self-obsession is also a main concern that was discussed in our group due to its impact on society regarding to the assumptions and judgements made. These assumptions are made based on our expectations and standards of what a 'normal' human being should strive for in their live. The three main points that our group highlighted as the most important and pressuring issues/concerns to humans are - class systems, the increasing use of scientific technology, as well as self-obsession. We believed that these concerns lead to larger conflicts which are probable of occurring in future generations.
What other points made by your group interested you and why?
Aforementioned, I was especially interested in the issue of human traits and qualities (greed, selfishness, hypocritical). To further expand on this point, we also discussed about the idea of social division and privacy. Social division refers to act of grouping 'things' or 'subjects' into individual groups based on given standards and expectations. This usually leads inequalities and differences between social structures. The idea of social division is categorised into 'in-group favouritism' and 'out-group discrimination' where the in-group refers to intergroup bias - a pattern of favouring members of one's in-group over out-group members. When being categorised as a member of the 'in-group', this may induce stereotypical assumptions and raise judgements about other members in the 'out-group'. Out-group discrimination refers to the inability to 'fit in' the in-group, hence as if not being able to match with the common standards that were created based on our high expectations of humans. What we discussed as a group had a similar approach - trying to stand out in a group, yet wanting a sense of belonging. This relates to the selfish behaviour of humans - wanting something so badly, but can't help but be afraid of the consequences upcoming if the action is performed.
Developmental planning of ideas for 'Being Human' project
What issues/sub-themes are you going to explore?
After discussing with our group members, I have decided to explore the issues of human qualities and traits. I believe that these are the most important issues that define humans as an individual. They are the 'building blocks' of conflicts and disagreements that arise due to abnormal behaviour and actions. In order to make this idea more memorable and interesting, I decided to do a twist and incorporate Biology into my artwork. This way I can show two different sides of 'Being Human'. My idea is to explore different types of human traits and qualities, more specifically the negative traits that are exhibited by humans. By doing this, I will explore six main human qualities that we share in common as discussed in our group. I will be portraying these human qualities as a individual 'bacterial disease'. I really like this idea as it is completely new to what I've been doing before. It also has a metaphorical symbolism behind the artwork which depicts the 'ugly side' of Homo Sapiens.
What materials/ resources will you need? How can you get them in time?
The materials that I will need to complete this project are petri dishes and nutrient agar. In order to grow bacteria, a suitable environment is essential for its growth and development. I have done some research beforehand and found that bacteria requires around 4-6 days to grow and develop to be visualised, therefore I knew there wouldn't be enough time to display them on Thursday. Therefore, while the petri dishes and nutrient agar haven't been delivered yet, I decided to make my own nutrient agar out of beef stock (beef boullion cube), water, sugar and gelatin. I felt that this would definitely make my project easier and more efficient in terms of time management. While researching on information associated with the growth of bacteria and diseases, I came across an artist named Elin Thomas. I was inspired by her textile and crochet nature studies of corals, lichen and mould. I found her use of material very suitable for mimicking the texture and imagery of what bacteria looked like. From far away, it almost seemed as if was real which shocked me even more I really liked how the artist left the material standing up as if creating a furry texture/outcome. I think that this further created the realistic texture of bacteria that we cannot see from 'real bacteria'. I also really like Thomas' choice of colour in her works, she particularly chose natural colours such as black, brown, white and beige. I think that these colours really allow the 'bacteria' to stand out in the petri dishes which made me want to try using yarn and wool to create a similar approach for my bacteria as experimentation.
Elin Thomas - 'Petri Dishes'
'BEING HUMAN' - GROUP DISCUSSION (NOTES)
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'BEING HUMAN' - MAKING
05/11/2019 - Tuesday, BEING HUMAN - MAKING PROCESS & DEVELOPMENT
How have you refined your ideas to something workable?
Originally, I decided to use resin as my main medium to create the 'nutrient agar' for my petri dish. However, once I received feedback from my tutor - David; I was told that resin is a very toxic medium to work with. Just because it is transparent and see-through, this doesn't mean it could be the best medium to work with for my project. This made me realise the importance of consideration and decision-making when selecting the type of materials and medium required for a project. Keeping this in mind, David also provided me with other interesting ideas to approach this problem. He explained that the 'bacteria' doesn't actually have to be "real", instead it could be made by a completely different medium. In this case, I decided to work with yarn and wool which was quite a difficult decision - originally, I only had the visual imagery of using the most suitable medium which best resembles the features and appearance of bacteria. Hence, my mind of thought was always directed to the 'transparency' and 'gross' side of bacteria. In fact, I realised that the texture and appearance of yarn could help create the effect of 'mould', this is possible depending on the choice of colours utilised to depict the subject matter. To conclude, I refined my ideas by using a different approach in terms of choice of medium. This not only helped me minimise the amount of time required to complete my final outcome, but also prevented possible risks from using resin as my main resource.
Original photo - Bacteria made from yarn & wool
'Bacteria' made from yarn & wool - Edited
How could you get more from your time in the studio in future?
I guess I wasn't as prepared for my first project since the materials that was needed for my project wasn't sufficient. There were still other materials that I ordered which haven't been delivered yet - (nutrient agar and petri dishes) Because of this, I was quite disappointed and anxious about the limited amount of time which I was offered compared to other students. Taking inconsideration that the bacteria itself requires approximately 4-6 days to fully growth and develop, it felt as if it was impossible to accomplish anything during my time in the studio. Despite this, I was still able to use my time efficiently to complete other tasks relating to my project. This involved the making of posters (scientific reports), specifically referring to each individual human trait/quality based on the bacteria. Moreover, I was also able to research throughly on the various mental health issues and bacterial diseases which could be helpful for the written text in my scientific reports. The written texts are very important features for my project as they are the fundamental basis of analysing and explaining each human trait as a bacterial disease. There texts involve informative descriptions of the diseases, thus including a sense of humour which contrasts to the 'expectations' of what a normal human being should act like. Hence, the purpose and aim of these reports are to question the existence of Homo Sapiens and how their behaviours has impacted the society in various ways. Reflecting on my achievements throughout this week in the studio, I felt that to get more from my time in the studio is to prepare my materials beforehand after reading the project brief. This will in turn speed up the process of completing each task according to my planning schedule for the project.
Experimentation - Bacteria Growth (Apparatus/Preparation)
Can you complete the work for Thursday?
Truthfully, I wasn't able to complete the work for Thursday since I still had to wait for my 'final' batch of real bacteria to fully grow and develop in my petri dishes. Thankfully, I did a quick experiment beforehand by creating my own nutrient agar out of beef boullion (beef stock), sugar, water and gelatin. I boiled the substances together and filled them into six similar-sized transparent dishes that I had found. This worked perfectly well and went accordingly to the scheduled that I had planned in mind. The bacteria that I had grew for my experimentation was able to fully develop, which gave me the opportunity to display them along with the 'bacteria' that I had made using yarn and wool. I was inspired by Jo Spence's works on her 'cancer shock' project and the way she displayed her posters onto the wall. I really liked the layout and composition of the posters - not only did it grab the attention of viewers based on it's choice of colour, but also the way a plastic, transparent sheet was used to maintain the positioned of the posters in place. I thought this really helped bring out the health issues that were depicted in the posters. It definitely felt more 'real' and 'scientific' compared to not having the plastic sheet.
Jo Spence - 'Cancer Shock'
How are you going to manage your time between now and Thursday?
Up until now, I think that my time management throughout the project has been going pretty smoothly; I had a clear plan of what I wanted to do for my project in terms of concept and meaning. I also knew the exact materials which was required for the production/making of the project. Moreover, I knew I had enough time to research and plan the written texts for each scientific report. Hence, in order to keep up this state, I think that the only efficient way to manage my time between now and Thursday is to create a clear schedule for each day of the week - having separate tasks categorised to be completed for each day. This way I would be able to manage my time efficiently, even for future references. Another element which I think is a helpful way to manage my time between now and Thursday was that I made sure to constantly refer to tutors for constructive feedback about my on-going processes and development. I made sure that the direction and approach I was heading for my project was a suitable in relation to the theme of the project.
Are you using appropriate methods for your work?
Considering the fact that the two elements (subjects) that I am predominantly focusing for my project are 'Biology' and 'Psychological Emotions'; I believe that the materials and methods that I've chosen to use in this project is relatively appropriate for my work. Since the project focuses on the idea of 'being human', I wanted my project to stand out particularly from my previous other works in terms of uniqueness and exploration of subject matters. Hence, I approached this by incorporating elements of real-life situations. For example, I decided to grow my own bacteria instead of using resin as my main medium. One of the most important methods that I have used throughout the development of this project is the use of experimentation. During the beginning of the project, I have prepared the materials that were specifically required for the making of my own nutrient agar. This not only helped me with my time management, but also gave me a larger and much clearer scope of what the final outcome would look like once the whole project is complete.
How has your discussions and or research impacted on your ideas, decision-making and making?
The discussions I've had with my group members has definitely played a huge role in my final decision and theme for this project. Since there were so many different opinions from many different perspectives, this gave me a better understanding of what 'being human' was like. Not only was I able to perceive what being human was like from my own perspective, but I was also able to acknowledge the various concerns that bothered my group members. Some of the ideas that were shared were ones which I myself have never even thought of, it was only until I heard it directly from their mouths which made me realise how true they were. Moreover, the research which I have gathered from different resources have too strongly impacted on my ideas, decision-making and production of my outcome. I have gathered both primary and secondary research for this project; I think that the exhibitions and gallery visits were definitely one of the most important aspects which influenced me to explore the human body as well as bacterial diseases and how the brain functions - dealing with emotions as well as mental health issues.
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - CONTEXTUAL PRACTISE (BEING HUMAN)
06/11/2019 - WEDNESDAY, CONTEXTUAL PRACTISE - BEING HUMAN (GALLERY VISIT)
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - CRITIQUE & FEEDBACK DISCUSSION (BEING HUMAN)
07/11/2019 - Thursday, BEING HUMAN - CRITIQUE & FEEDBACK DISCUSSION
What did you identify as being the most important issue(s) related to being human?
In my opinion, I believe that human characteristics and the biological makeup of our bodies are both important elements related to being human. The characteristics of a human can be defined as 'emotions' which play an important role in how we think and behave. It is also considered as a form of communication tool which allows us to express ourselves and present our identity to others. The emotions we each feel can compel us to take action and influence the decisions we make about our lives. Since human beings are unable to control most of their emotions, it is highly likely that this will cause the eruption of social conflicts, leading to the downfall of our developing world. Hence, stereotyping and gender inequality are examples of conflicts and issues that are likely to be generated due to diverse perspectives and opinions on each side. Furthermore, our emotions will influence our thoughts about a certain issue, thus creating biased and subjective conclusions regarding to concerns in society. Whereas our bodies consist of a number of biological systems that carry out specific functions necessary for everyday living.
What research did you undertake to explore your idea(s)?
For this project, I did some secondary research using books from the CSM library as well as online internet regarding to the evolution and background history of Homo Sapiens. I was interested in how humans learn and adapt to their surroundings. Moreover, I also researched on the various psychological emotions which relates to the human brain, thus how these emotions influence the brain to make certain decisions, thoughts and actions. Since I studied psychology in my previous studies, I was very interested in the interaction and biological makeup of humans. I believe that without psychology, humans wouldn't be able to learn how to fit themselves in a group and adapt to different environmental settings. In my opinion, I think that 'learning' and 'adapting' is the 'starting point' of being humans. I also read some journals, articles and press releases regarding to the museums that I wanted to visit (Wellcome Collection). In order to support my background research, I also did some experimentation with growing bacteria in my accommodation. I was a little hesitant whether this would actually work; first, I knew that the environment that I am currently living in may not be the most suitable place to grow bacteria. Moreover, I have not tried or approached any kind of activity which involves the form of growing bacteria before, the closest experiments that I've actually tried were only the ones that were carried out in science laboratories with the help and guide of teachers. I was scared what would happen if I didn't seal the petri dishes properly. Despite how anxious and hesitant I was, I believed that by carrying out experiments, this would allow me to observe the change, growth and development of the bacteria.
Do you think that what you produced raised question(s) about your interest?
I think what I have produced for this project has definitely raised questions about my interest in biology and psychology. I was especially interested in how different emotions are created and the interaction between the brain and the emotion that was delivered. I learned that different parts of the brain can be responsible for a particular emotion, hence the stimulation of the parts of the brain triggers us to deliver certain emotions regarding to the situation or event that is occurring. As I have mentioned earlier, the issues of human emotions can also lead to larger conflicts which could possible impact the society based on our assumptions and expectations of people.
How can it be improved if you had more time? Provide some artist references for future research
The role of interdisciplinary practice
How to break big themes down into workable sub-themes
Factors and questions regarding curation of exhibitions
How to benefit from and work in collaboration
Real Bacteria grown in petri dishes
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'DATAFIED' - PROJECT 3
18/11/2019, Monday, 'DATAFIED' - PROJECT 3 (PLANNING & DISCUSSION)
What kind of data is collected every day, and to what aim?
One of the most common types of data that are collected everyday is through our social media accounts. We use our social media accounts almost every day - from the moment we wake up, to the moment before we go to sleep. Through this period of time, the data can be collected as numbers. Some common social media accounts that collect our data are: Snapchat, Instagram, Facebook, Youtube... Data can also be collected through the internet. Whenever we visit a specific website, this could be recorded into your device as a 'memory' which thereby presents similar websites according to your interests. What surprised me the most was the fact that I've always thought I was the one who 'owned' the information that I posted online in social media or in email. For example, the digital photos in our smartphones that we store in our gallery as well as posted in social media are in fact owned by the server of the particular website. For instance, our texts and emails are also data stored into the server system which thereby allows it to track our identities and what we do. Referring to an article that I've read in The Guardian, I was shocked by the amount of information the internet gathers up about our identity.
The Guardian - 'Are you ready? Here is all the data Facebook and Google have on you' - Dylan Curran
While I was reading the article, I can't help but have mixed feelings about the fact that I knew Google and Facebook knew so much about me as. As mentioned in the article, today data science knows everything we've searched and deleted. It also determines the ads we see online, as well as the books and movies that are recommended to us online. In a way, I thought this felt very creepy, I don't think there is another way of explaining this feeling. It just feels as if I am being watched everyday. It also feels disturbing that I don't know what the servers know about me. The thought of this scares me in so many ways.
The Guardian - 'Are you ready? Here is all the data Facebook and Google have on you' - Dylan Curran
What are the ethical challenges and legal issues to preserve privacy?
In terms of ethical challenges, today's data science holds certain knowledge about an individual without their consent. This prevents people from making informed decisions. For example, many companies and governments gather a lot of information about our social life and who we contact with. The information that they have recorded is unknown to the victim, which makes it very confusing as the individual does not know exactly how much the companies know about them. Moreover, in some cases, our phone calls may also be recorded or listened to which may also lead to certain troubles regarding to law policies. This does not stop here; oyster cards have the ability to track the individual's destination by using its machines. Hence, when the card is scanned or detected, our locations will be exposed as well as the places we go to. In terms of legal issues, certain private information can be very useful to solve cases. This could take place in crime scenes or stolen credit cards. By keeping this information, the location of your personal belongings may be found easily.
What impact does it have on society/identity?
There is a clear difference between identity and society. Identity refers to the individual, relating to personal matters. Whereas society refers to the response from the public. Referring back to the impact of data, I think that it really depends on whether the individual is willing to share his/her information to others. This is solely depended on the individual’s rights and decision-making. The individual has the option to keep their private information to themselves, by making everything about them personal. But when they decide to expose their information to the public, this means that the information owned and generated by the individual is not private anymore. Thus, everyone else will be able to gain access to this information by just looking at it. This raises the question on whether the individual still owns the data or whether the data can be owned by anyone else since it is already shared to the public.
What images come to mind when you think of data?
The idea of science and technology has come to my mind when I think of data. (Futuristic environments involving large sets of data?) This reminds of why technology, machines and robots are developed. I believe that the reason why these kinds of advanced technology exists in today's worlds is to correct humans ability to make mistakes and have the ability to react quickly without hesitating. In my opinion, humankind at some point has a need to record things that happen in their everyday life. This cannot be done solely by just looking or writing as this is both inconvenient and time consuming. Hence, AI has been created to make things ten times easier for humans. This may seem like humans are useless and lazy. But it is the truth. The image of numbers as well as coding has also come to my mind when I think of data. I think that big data is something very complex and detailed, it incorporates large sets of information that is gathered together and analysed computationally to reveal different patterns, and trends. When I think of coding, it reminds me of how accurate and precise data is, since coding is a very detailed process, it makes sure that the input of information is accurate. Similar to the idea of big data, it gathers up the data which resembles an individual physically and emotionally.
What images can collate this evening so that you can start to explore your ideas and develop them tomorrow?
Big data immediately reminds me of fingerprints and footprints. I was fascinated by how our fingerprints can be scanned using a machine and immediately transferred to a system where the individual can be identified in a matter of seconds. This idea struck me because I was originally more interested in the scientific visual imagery of art since I previously studied biology and psychology. I think it's an interesting idea to incorporate my prior knowledge from interdisciplinary subjects to create an installation or 'story' made out of human prints. I remember studying about criminology in psychology and how forensics scientists used different 'hints' left behind from a scene to identify mysteries. I find it intriguing how investigators can easily identify an individual by extracting fingerprints with powder and tape. This also reminded me of a drama I watched called "Partners in Justice". This drama explored how forensic doctors and prosecutors work together in solving cases by performing autopsies and finding hints that were left behind.
Fingerprints Experimentation with red and blue paint
Forensic Science Online - Fingerprint Identification (https://www.forensicscienceonline.org/)
I proceeded this idea by researching further on how fingerprints can be extracted and transferred to a database. While reading the article, I thought of some questions which would help me further develop this idea: "Do we have the right to take someone else' fingerprints?" - "even if it is for investigation purposes?" "By taking other people's finger prints for research, does this mean we are invading their privacy?" I imagined the situation where my fingerprint was taken without my consent and used for research - I think I would feel both confused and anxious as to what the researchers would use the information for. It is inevitable that by obtaining the fingerprint of an individual, the identity can be easily revealed; which could lead to other serious troubles/circumstances such as exposing the individual's personal details or track the individual. This made me realise how advanced today's science and technology has become. However, at the end, I felt that the idea of using fingerprints for this project wouldn't be the best direction for me.
I didn't really like the idea of using fingerprints as I thought the subject matter was too commonly used and heard. Fingerprints are already used all over the world and almost everyone knows what they are, it's purpose of extraction and how they are used to identify an individual's personal details. For me, I just thought it was too 'obvious'. I didn't want to focus on something which is already 'publicly understood'. Instead, I wanted to focus on something in which questions can still be raised in society. This was when I came across 'http cookies'. I realise that not many people actually know what cookies are - surely, everyone knew it existed. But the purpose of it's existence and why or what it is used for is still unknown. Hence, I want to explore further on this subject matter.
During our discussion in class, we talked a lot about HTTP cookies and 'accepting terms and conditions'. An HTTP cookie is a small piece of data in the form of a file which is installed into your device (e.g computer) which records information about the sites that you have accessed. However, the type of cookie that I predominantly want to focus in is the 'persistent cookie' - which as mentioned above: "allow websites to remember settings like login or account information." The article follows by stating that if a virus window suddenly pops up for no reason while the individual is accessing the website, there is a possibility that a hacker may have hacked into the user's device and installed the 'forged cookie' which allows the hacker to steal the users information and personal details. By depicting this into my work, I want to create something like a game in the form of a video which shows how easily an individual can be tricked by downloading or accessing websites online.
I believe that everyone has encountered a case where they had to make a choice of whether they want to accept the terms and conditions on a website in order to accesses its information. Because of this, I thought it would be a very relatable subject to proceed my research and idea in. I just love the idea behind the 'mysteriousness' of things and why some things can still be unknown to the world. It makes me think about how I can portray this to society, and raise questions to whether these mysterious 'things' generated by data are important and how we as humans should be more aware of them. Doesn't it feel creepy or strange by the fact that the mega corporations/data collectors know everything about us and every single thing that we do? The most scary part is that we have no control with the type of information and data that 'they' are collecting from us, thus, we don't know when, where or how they are going collect our data...
QUESTIONS TASK - 'DATAFIED' (SEMINAR DISCUSSION NOTES)
REFLECTION - 'DATAFIED' - IDEA DEVELOPMENT
19/11/2019, Tuesday, 'DATAFIED' - PROJECT 3 (PROGRESS & IDEA DEVELOPMENT)
Unfortunately, I wasn't able to go to class today due to sick leave. I was a little disappointed that I didn't have the opportunity to be in the studio physically with all the other students to work on our following project. Luckily, I was able to contact one of my classmates and managed to catch up with the work that we were given from today's class. We were given the task to make collages of what we think interests us and inspired us when we think of the word 'big data'. Personally, I like to read newspapers, which seems a little old fashioned, but I like the idea of reading the news and being able to engage with what is happening outside the world. I didn't think I would have any luck in finding any information about data or technology related issues/concerns and how that may have impacted our society. To my surprise, I actually found a lot of information from newspapers in relation to data and technology. One of the news that caught my attention the most out of all the others that I've selected was about the competition of data being stored in big technology companies. The title of the news was "British competition watchdog probes Google's £2 American tech takeover" The news stated that there has been competition between the amount of cloud data being stored - Google is known as one of the biggest cloud data markets, yet they still want to expand their storage which makes me raise questions about how important data and technology is in society. It has come to my realisation that the competition of storing data may lead to dangerous consequences - for example, what if one day there's just too much data and couldn't be stored? What would happen then? It also surprises me how much large companies are willing to sacrifice in order to expand their storage space for data sets. I think this is important and may be questioned further when I visit the data centre.
Further reading: 'theregister" - explaining how Google's takeover of Looker Data Sciences may bring negativity to markets due to competition
Further Reading: Cityam
I think working by ourselves isn't really a difficult task to do, it really just depends whether we spend that time wisely. For me, I find it quite calming when working alone. I don't have to rush my work and I can work at my own pace. I find that I work better when I'm alone in a quiet area as this makes me more focused. I usually go to the quiet zone when I'm working in the library; maybe this was a habit that I have developed since coming to London as I have to do everything myself. It makes me become a more independent and mature individual. Therefore, I find working on my own in a quiet place makes me more productive. I think this is a very good way to better understand ourselves and work out which methods of working are best suited for us.
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - CONTEXTUAL PRACTISE (UCAS PERSONAL STATEMENT)
20/11/2019, Wednesday - UCAS PERSONAL STATEMENT (PLANNING + IDEAS)
Today we focused on the UCAS application and how to write a personal statement in preparation for applying for our five universities. I am planning to apply for BA Fine Art in CSM, Slade School of Fine Art (UCL), Goldsmiths, and Chelsea. I'm still unsure about my choice for my fifth university choice. But I think if I can spend more time in researching about the courses for different universities, this will further confirm my choices. We were given some notes and worksheets to complete which will in turn help us with our UCAS statements. As I started brainstorming some points for each of the questions, I realised how important it is to show why I am interested in Fine art, and how my practises and the choices I make in my works show my interest in this particular pathway. From today's session, I learnt that the person reading our statement would be looking out for what we have learnt during our foundation year and how we are suitable for the course we are applying for. In order to speed up my UCAS application, I also started creating my UCAS account so that before finishing my statement, I can just quickly upload it into my account and send it away.
UCAS Personal Statement (Notes)
- something that reflects your own portfolio and sketchbooks, integrated with one another - not too personal
- how you evidence that, separating what you think you made from what you have made, evidence your decision making
- evidence your work as it is in progress
- portfolio shouldn’t be lottos final outcomes, see what you are thinking, how you engage with the world sound you, the practises
- explain why you want to study the course you are applying for
- mention experience, skills and interests which are suitable to your course
- reflect on what you are learning on the foundation course, how this helped you make decisions about your future
- things that really excite you, that you are interested in - know your courses, make sure you understand the course that you are applying to - how it operates
- personal statement saying why you want to go on that specific pathway
- (Fine Art All Pathways) - UCAS Information, good layouts, good things you should or should not
UCAS PERSONAL STATEMENT WORKSHEET
REFLECTION: 'DATAFIED' - IDEA DEVELOPMENT'
21/11/2019, Thursday - IDEA DEVELOPMENT + GROUP TUTORIALS/ CONSTRUCTIVE FEEDBACK
Today, we had a mini group critique along with our tutor. Truthfully, I felt quite embarrassed as I didn't really have much to say or show during the group critique. I was upset with the fact that I had disappointed my tutor since my ideas weren't fully developed and my research wasn't at it's best quality. Compared to others who had lots of research and ideas, I felt that I was lacking in so many areas. I knew there would be a mini critique session, but I just wasn't fully prepared for it... At one point, I admit that it is fully my responsibility to catch up with the work and tasks that I have been given to do, and I do feel very guilty about not being prepared since a week of our project has already passed and I still don't really have any solid ideas!! I just didn't know what to do... But, at the same time there were so many other 'things' that have affected my current state and attitude which stopped me from focusing properly in my work. I've tried reading the project brief multiple times already, but nothing 'interesting' from my perspective still sparks my 'brain' to start "working"... I think the first week of this project just wasn't the best week for me to focus properly. One of the reasons as to why I couldn't work was because of the current situation that is still happening in Hong Kong. I know I'm not supposed to talk much about how I feel with personal reasons/issues that isn't related to my art projects. But I just feel like the situation in Hong Kong has affected my behaviours and attitudes while working and thinking. I just couldn't put off what is happening right not in Hong Kong with my current work. Another reason as to why I wasn't able to focus properly was because one of my closest friends whom I really care about; his parents had controversial opinions on the situation happening in Hong Kong, leading to constant arguments. I've known this particular friend for a long time, and hearing about this makes me feel hurt... It made me think about what I can do for him for the rest of the few days...
Mapping of emotions in human bodies
Anyways, during the critique session, since my research, ideas and interests were still a mess, I changed from one idea to another; which in my opinion is a very bad way of working. I explained to my tutor about how I was interested in our human behaviours and emotions. Writing this now, I had no idea why I would say that, but during that particular moment, I think my mind was just full of different emotions and thoughts and this was the first inspiration/idea that popped in my head which I wanted to share with my tutor. Now, thinking about it, I regret not saying what I really want to discuss about as I wasn't able to fully share my other ideas and interests. Despite this, I still received both positive and constructive feedback from my group members and my tutors. During the critique session, I was interested in learning about the data that was generated from our emotions. I am unsure of how I would obtain the data; fortunately, one of the students in my group had suggested a reference image which I personally found very helpful and interesting. It was an image that depicted how scientists have mapped where people feel emotions in their bodies. This chart was generated by surveying different people from different nationalities and ethnicities. They were all asked the same questions as to where they think a particular emotion is felt. The results turned out to show that even though they were all different people, they had similar thoughts in regards to where they think the particular emotions can be felt in their bodies. I really liked how this chart uses the brightness of the colours red and yellow to portray the strength of emotion that can be felt in different parts of the body. It seems both scientific and realistic at the same time. It surprised me that even thought this was just a 'current' idea that I had thought of during my critique session, I was able to receive such interesting information from my peers which I feel very grateful for. Of course, my tutor also told me that since 'emotions; is very broad, therefore I should pick a particular emotion that I am interested in. I was particularly interested in the emotions of both anger and pain at that time.
Ed Atkins, "Old Food" (production still), 2017. Image courtesy of Martin-Gropius-Bau.
I was also introduced to Ed Atkins - since I talked about the emotion of pain, my tutor suggested this artist which worked with artificial intelligence and making people cry. The artist created three-dimensional avatars and made them cry which depicts the ability of humans to empathise. Visually, I thought the avatar was created in a hyper-realistic way, especially the way the face was crying as the tears were rolling down its face, it almost felt surreal and a little creepy by just staring at a big face. At first, I thought it felt a little disgusting since you can literally see the snot that was forming and dripping down the man's face, but this was what makes the avatar look so realistic, almost to the fact that it seemed like an actual being. Even though this doesn't really relate to big data as much, but I thought its quite interesting on how the artist incorporated the idea of emotions and technology into his works.
The Store X Vinyl Factory - 'Vanishing Point', UVA
My tutor also introduced me to a few artists for references which I also found very interesting. One of the references that I particularly liked was the work that was exhibited in The Store X Vinyl Factory - "Other Spaces". The exhibition involves a multi-sensory exploration of light and sound. It features three large-scale installations by UVA. When I looked at the images of the work, it immediately reminded me of what big data looks like - in my mind, I had thought of very futuristic and technological images likes numbers and wires. This was exactly what I had in my mind. One particular installation that caught my attention was called "Vanishing Point". I really liked the simplicity of the installation and how the light directly shines through space, creating a calm and peaceful mood. It uses an immersive laser installation that uses perspective as a way to reshape and redefine a space. Compared to other installations, this particular one made me feel at ease when looking at it, whereas when I watched other documentaries of the other installations in the exhibition, I felt that those were a bit too noisy for my liking, although I still really liked them.
Overall, I thought that this critique session wasn't as informative and detailed as I wanted it to be, but this was because of my personal issues and that I wasn't fully prepared for it. Therefore, I feel quite disappointed about today's session. Nevertheless, I am happy that I have received such interesting information from my peers.
24/11/2019, Sunday - RESEARCH+INSPIRATION+IDEA DEVELOPMENT
'Black Mirror' - Nosedive (Netflix Film)
'Black Mirror' - Shut up and Dance (Netflix Film)
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'DATAFIED' - EXPERIMENTATION & MAKING'
25/11/2019, Monday - DATA CENTRE (VIRTUS SLOUGH) + ROYAL ACADEMY (ANTONY GORMLEY EXHIBITION)
cool air below, hot air side
Cool air comes from the sides, hot air container regenerated to cold air
Social engineering is hacking - hacking passwords to get information
Robotic arm - takes the tape out to replace the hard rice (disk)
The more u use computer, heat, generating power
Provides the environment
Mechanical engineering build data centres
Heavy electrical trained
Data centre design
Provide the infrastructure for customers (universities)
Space power, cooling, security
Data centre seems like a living organism
safe secure, consistent - equilibrium
How they present themselves to visitors
borrow the visual language -logo they use, presentations, utilise it as its own - critique?
dress up a certain way, use it as visual aesthetic
to see how guarded data is
kept in very secure locations
sticky sheets to remove dust
shiny spaces big spaces
easily wiped clean - on purpose
cables, flashing lights - keep is installation alive to link the work - physical infrastructure of the material
locations are rural
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'DATAFIED' - INDIVIDUAL TUTORIALS
26/11/2019, Tuesday - INDIVIDUAL TUTORIALS + CONSTRUCTIVE FEEDBACK
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'DATAFIED' - CONTEXTUAL PRACTISE
27/11/2019, Wednesday - CONTEXTUAL PRACTISE - TATE BRITAIN GALLERY EXHIBITIONS
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'DATAFIED' - CRITIQUE SESSION
28/11/2019, Thursday - FIRST CRITIQUE SESSION, CONSTRUCTIVE FEEDBACK + PHOTOSHOP WORKSHOP
Final Outcome after Photoshop Workshop
Thursday Critique Session (Notes)
First thought- stressed (immersed in a chaotic visual experience and audio)
Audio itself pitch - feel very lost and worried, a lot of emotions
Visual - distorted, disturbing but loved it
first thoughts - spiky - spider , crawling
Overwhelmed all the sense
Black hat - negative (projected onto a bigger seen on a monitor or: wall
Blast it on a big wall, make it big, project it really big, make the audio quite loud
Project it on the building
Next steps: making the video longer, since it’s not final piece yet
Not sure if fully understood
Virus comes in - bunch more pop ups
Panic Momento makes you feel very anxious.
Grey hat- references/ artists (180 alter spaces/ other spaces ) recorded the sound of nature translated it into a visual installation on the wall.
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - "RE-EDIT" - PROJECT 2
Collage Experimentation - exploration with black & white film + theme of escape/running away
11/11/2019 - Monday, RE-EDIT - ADOBE PREMIERE PRO INDUCTION (EXPERIMENTATION EDITING) - PROJECT 2
What do you think constitutes a found footage artwork?
I think found-footage refers to videos and scenes that have already been made and shared to public. It is considered as a film in which all or substantial parts of the work are presented as if it were 'discovered film' or 'video recordings'. This idea of 'found footage' refers to the rendering of a 'pre-existing' work and turning it into a new outcome/art piece. It is known that artists have the ability to create new meanings and realities as well as reflect certain issues derived from society. Hence, I think that it is perfectly normal to take something that already exists, and incorporating them in their own works to create a whole new narrative. To expand further on the point about issues reflecting society, I think this applies to most, even all artists as they must be inspired by a certain theme/issue or topic in order to develop their own work. Hence, it is inevitable that an artists work would involve something that already exists. Thus, this allows artists to reveal something 'new' from the original work/theme. As mentioned in the reading (The Editor - Stefano Basilico), it states that the editor's impulse to create something from what already exists..... must also be recognised as a form of political art" "For unlike video work that aims to seduce and entertain viewers.... these works require active engagement, which hopefully will lead to critical thinking".
How can you subvert or extend the original meaning of the found footage?
In the reading provided from the brief - (Basilico, S. (2004) The Editor), it stated that film and moving image is appealing to the public and economic viability. Hence, it is known as the most 'persuasive and influential medium of out time.' It is a form of communication where stories, recorded disasters (both natural and man-made), inspired political movements can be shared which can be used for education and entertainment processes. There are many ways in which we can subvert or extend the original meaning of the found footage. This can be explained in separate categories - in terms of changing the physical footage and outcome of the original video, various editing gestures can be utilised to alter the original meaning of the video. Examples of gestures are: looping, stretching, repetition, erasure, or compression. These gestures actively manipulate their medium in a way in which the "editing and shaping of what may already exist in the world is a more powerful and revealing act". The purpose of using these difference gestures is to tell a story convincingly through film. For example, the gesture of continuity editing "makes different scenes come together smoothly which makes the transition look normal, even expected, and thereby propel the story along without causing the viewer to wonder what the original video was altered this way". Another example of altering an original video is by fooling the viewers through the editing process, this helps direct the viewer to accept certain conclusions without considering others. Another way of altering or extending the original meaning of the found footage is by changing the main theme/topic of the original video. This can be done by actively extracting certain scenes from the original video which interests the editor, and combine them into other similar scenes from different films. This way, the original meaning of one film can be altered into a completely different theme using similar/related video scenes from different films.
How have you altered your previous idea of what could be Art?
Previously, I thought of Art as something that can only be expressed through two-dimensional and three-dimensional works. It never came across my mind that moving image and filming itself can be considered as a form of Art. Surely, it can be used to tell a story convincingly to an audience. However, I always thought they were only created for education and entertainment purposes. I still consider them as art, but I am still a little unsure of how to distinguish the main themes and stories that were presented in the videos. Another concern that made me hesitant about considering whether something can be seen as art is the fact that internet enables artists to share their work on the virtual network. This makes me think whether this action would rather reduce the artwork's actual meaning and power, instead of depicting the artwork's beauty.
Nevertheless, the fact that I was able to learn how to work with Premiere Pro widened my perspective and allowed me to see different effects and outcomes I can make through 4D art. I also really liked the idea of using existing artworks and altering its shape, form or outcome to turn it into a completely different piece of work which suits the artist themselves. This reminded me of the artists that I was introduced to during the Fine Art Painting pathway in my part 1 of my foundation course. The artists used a similar technique - 'erasure' to remove parts of an existing painting and created a completely different effect which became an artwork of their own.
How did the artist's work inform your understanding of ownership?
There are definitely ownership and copyright issues regarding to the works of artists who have used pre-existing video clips and found footages. However, I think that the act of altering the meaning and outcome of the found footages has already allowed the editor to fully obtain originality of the work, taken from previous artists. In simpler words, I belive that once the found footage have been altered and selectively edited towards the editor's liking, then this means that the editor has the ability to take full ownership of the new video. Since the outcome is solely produced based on the editor's standards and expectations. When the found footage has been deconstructed and edited in the artwork, it becomes a part of the piece, under the ownership of the artist. It further helps reveal something about either the original work or the medium itself. Therefore, I don't think that by taking someone else's works and altering from it, this would be seen as a huge form of copy right.
Storyboard Planning for 'Re-Edit'
What are you going to do for tomorrow?
Our tutors introduced us to 'Prelinger Archives', a collection of films which can be used for re-editing purposes. On the first day of the project, I carefully selected a few video clips on Prelinger Archives to edit and experiment with. We also experimented with different functions on Adobe Premiere Pro CC. The main purpose of using found footage is to allow us to be familiar with using the video-editing software, as well as understand how original footages can be altered differently to deliver a new narrative or meaning to an audience. I was completely new to Premiere, and had little experiences with editing videos and clips. However, once I started using the software, I found it fairly straightforward and quickly understood most of its important functions.
Screenshot of Prelinger Archives - Diverse selections of found footages and videos/films
As I was experimenting with the different functions in Premiere Pro, I realised that just by speeding up the audio/soundtrack from an original video can completely change the mood and atmosphere of the video. A huge difference can be made and seen from this gesture which inspired me to focus predominantly on the audio in order to capture the viewer's attention, thus making them feel uncomfortable while watching the video/film. Hence, I decided to make a video which mainly focuses on the building up of tension and suspense. Before the project was even introduced/started, I already had the thought of making a video which relates to the theme of 'escape'. Therefore, I might find extra videos from other resources such as YouTube to enhance my inspiration. I am eager to create new realities and meanings through my final project outcomes, thus create a whole new context on existing footage that I've found elsewhere.
THE EDITOR - READING
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'RE-EDIT'
12/11/2019 -Tuesday, RE-EDIT - ADOBE PREMIERE INDUCTION
Mind-map exploring the theme of 'Escape'
In what ways has the editing process informed your decisions?
I was interested in exploring the theme of 'escape' to demonstrate how unhappiness and fear within people make them perform actions such as running away or fleeing from the current situation. This could be seen as 'moving on to something better', but it also mean 'running away from their problems'. Hence, this generates larger problems as time passes. Because of this, I decided that it would be interesting to explore the consequences about not being able to escape from the problems and issues of an individual. As well as exploring the concept of escape, I also wanted to make something more personal, something that would relate to me deeply and would reflect as a person. Although I did think of creating a script for my video, I felt that if I focused on two things at the same time (script/captions & audio soundtracks), this would be too overwhelming for the viewers, hence leading to confusion and making the audience feel even more uncomfortable than they should be.
We spent most of our time in the computer room today to explore different functions on Premiere Pro. I came up with different ideas for my video and one of the main aspects that I want to include in my video is a black and white theme, which will be set for the whole video. I felt that this not only enhances tension and builds up the mood and atmosphere, it also has an 'old', 'vintage' effect which was something I wanted to go for in my video. I also want to include both individual running/escaping in solitude as well as crowds/mass numbers of people running together. I think this not only sparks attention to viewers, it also creates a sense of confusion - allowing audiences to think about what is going to happen. I wanted the viewers to fell like they 'knew;' what was going to happen, but then having a second thought from just looking at the video clips, thus creating doubts of what they actually know from the video. The most important element that I want to include in my video is the audio of the video. My aim is to ensure that viewers would feel uncomfortable while watching the video, as well as making sure that the audio is uncomfortable in the viewer's ears.
Screenshots of editing in Premiere Pro software (Progress & Development)
As shown in the screenshots above, I experimented with different functions in Premiere Pro. I learnt how to cut videos and split frames from original found footages. While editing the video clips, I learnt a special editing technique called 'continuity editing' which refers to combining different scenes together to create a smooth transition.. While making the cuts seem natural and convincing, I also wanted to explore the idea of speeding up the duration of the videos to enhance the build up of tension and suspense. I altered the speed of the found footages and this resulted a distortion of time, thereby extending the playing time. I really liked the effect of stretching the videos as well as slowing down the pace of the footages as this not only builds up tension but also raises questions to the viewers as to thinking what is going to happen next as they continue watching the video.
Screenshots of editing in Premiere Pro software (Beginning of Editing)
The screenshot above shows my progress during the beginning of the project when we were first introduced to working with Premiere Pro. There is a clear difference between the 'before' and 'after' of my final outcomes when working with Premiere Pro since I've never worked with this video-editing software before Hence, I was only able to drag and drop the video clips that I've selected from my files into the software. This was considered as my first 'beginning' step in learning how to use more advanced types of video-editing softwares. I was really happy during the process of learning how to edit video clips as I felt that these were the techniques and skills that I would need to produce a video in a professional level. Hence, being able to approach these different functions has widened my perspective on the different outcomes I can create using the software.
Exploration and experimentation with colour (different colours)
I documented the processes of altering different levels of exposure, contrasts, highlights, saturation, tints, shadows, whites and blacks of each video clip I edited. In order to make the whole video black and white, I further edited all the clips under the same alterations, making the entirety of the video more uniform. I experimented with the different levels become some of my clips did not mate the year range - some clips that were originally selected were already black and white, taken from 1900's, whereas others were recorded in the present (2010). Hence, it makes more sense to put them all under the same year range in order to maintain a constant effect throughout the whole video. I proceeded to edit each clip to achieve a 'vintage' effect, making the entire video look older.
What kind of footage have you used?
(Left) - Found footages selected from Prelinger Archives (Right) - Found footages selected from youtube
Before I had a solid plan of what I wanted to create for my 'Re-Edit' project, I decided to look at a collection of films provided in Prelinger Archives. The film collection involves mostly short video clips and educational films relating to US cultural history, the evolution of the American landscape, everyday life, and social history. What I liked about these video clips was that they were all produced from 1982 to 2002. I really liked the 'vintage' effects that were presented in the films; especially the black and white video clips with audio generated voiceovers. I decided to download a few clips from the film collection that I think would be most suitable to create a film with. As shown on the image above (left), I used clips taken from six different videos - all ranging from the early 1900's to most recent history. Since we were only learning how to use Premiere Pro, I decided to play around with the different functions using these video clips before creating my final video for this project. The image on the right are a selection of video clips that I have taken from youtube. These were the video clips that I have used for my final video - a total of 16 clips including audio soundtracks. I found these video clips the most interesting as they they best depicted the theme of escape which I thought was most important for my video. Moreover, I mostly selected darker themed video clips in order to match with the monochromatic theme that I was going for. For the other footages that weren't black and white, I edited the videos when i grouped them together, and made them monochromatic and same in colour.
Analysis on selection of found footages in Prelinger Archives
What kind of process(es) have you used to alter it?
Before editing the audio (sound level) - Volume relatively high (Peaking above level 6)
After editing the audio (sound level) - Lower volume (Peaking level reaching/below 6)
One of the processes that I thought stood out most from other processes when I was altering the footages was the original soundtrack that I've selected for my video. As mentioned before, I chose a whole soundtrack from a trailer called the "Arcadia' which was produced by Simon McCallum. Simon works with the BFI, producing programmes and films that explore a folk horror fairy tale about the British people's relationship to the land. What I thought was intriguing about the trailer was its ambitions and painstaking video scenes, as well as thought-provoking, beautiful and at times disturbing pieces of work. Everything about the trailer was just fascinating to watch, and when the audio was added, it further creates tension. This piece of work was the largest inspiration for me to create a video which relates to escape. I really liked how the produced selected a calm, peaceful melody in the beginning of the trailer, followed by delivering a calming speech to the viewers. Once the audio changes, it starts creating a beat which immediately catches the viewers attention, thereby building up tension and atmosphere. I was intrigued by how well the audio matched with the scenes in the trailer. Hence, I decided to incorporate this audio into my video. What I didn't realise was that by including the whole soundtrack into my own video without altering it, it only reduces the tension that I was expecting to be created, it also sounded more like a music video than media art - which was definitely not the direction I was going for. When I showed David my video, he suggested to speed up the soundtrack so that this would help enhance tension into my video. I did as he said and surprisingly it really did create more tension.
Individual scenes/video shots in 'Arcadia' film/trailer
Even though I sped up the soundtrack, I still wasn't very satisfied with the audio as a whole when it was played with the found footages. I first tried to reverse the soundtrack to see what effect or outcomes would be produced from this function. Unfortunately, I didn't really find this appealing all, furthermore there wasn't a lot of changes to it since there weren't any lyrics to the audio soundtrack. So it pretty much did nothing and sounded the same as previously. For my second experimentation with the functions on Premier Pro, I decided to slow down the audio track by altering the audio gain and volume. Although it did have some interesting changes, I found it pretty messy and made the audio sound more blurry than it should be. I also altered the volume of the audio by changing it to static peaks, making sure that the peaking of the audio is around minus 6. Next, I normalised all peaks to -6.0 to make sure that the audio isn't too loud - as shown in the screenshots above. There was a clear difference between the before and after of my final audio soundtrack in the video.
Video clips links (Youtube)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0Xv5E4_5TY&list=PLrpuK8O55KGYUhthaDc2pAbwVccazaqMe&index=35 - appropriated clips
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iyrA4uO9VsI trailer for arcadia
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WI54HvwaP8 - Arcardia audio
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_PYWEVxDO4A&list=PLFEB27DA999FF5261&index=25 - the white collar revolution
snake circling rat - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-frvVAs0js - after leaves - slow down tension pace
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ScGkd4pJQU - mickey on fire building escape - slow down video. (Only rush down the running down stairs bit)
fight or flight
escape, many different forms of escape
The reason of escape is freedom
How would you develop your project further?
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'RE-EDIT' - CONTEXTUAL PRACTISE
13/11/2019 - Wednesday, RE-EDIT - CONTEXTUAL PRACTISE
Art & Protest - Satoshi Hashimoto
Art Auction Uk - art as a non-violent protest - Contextual Studies
link with your concert and engagement of the world around us
- five girls dressed up as gorillas
- commented how male scened the modern world is
- men have controlled the art world for thousands of years
- protesting against the male centric art world
- art forms - posters, graphics and photography, performance
- 1970s, late (early 80s) - weekly museum opening night - anonymous hedger to protest, to make a scene about the idea of absence in female artists -posters, banners
- actual performative action, uninvited
- British art scene - a poster full of portraits in grids
- asking her friends, all genders and age group - racial profile to wear the wig
- banter, having fun, taking selfies - collectively put together
- big wall full of images wearing the wig - artist herself is black female artist - not the same as cultural appropiation by male white established artists)
- asking questions about prototypes, perceptions, affect your identity
- response from the artist, perspectives
- using art as a platform to voice opinion
Inflatable Cobblestone - Disobedient Object - action of Eccentric Electric Collective and Artur van Balen
- throw stones to the police in protests
- artist made a big soft cobblestone, rolling it towards the policeman
- policeman with protective gears, not something they can defend
- humours thing thrown at them
- the police don’t know how to react
Occupy Wall Street
- protestors circulated dollar bills that had been printed with fact-based infographics about economic disparity in the US, how the wealthiest 1% of Americans were hoarding wealth.
- Ivan & Andy
- within the comprises of law, very assertive
David Blackmore - 4D
- European Pa55port - Erased everything except for the phrase European Pa55port
- To erase their own countries emblem
- idea of his identity as a European or a British
Discuss/Make a list of Issues which you are concerned about
- Altering lives to make them better -
- disconnecting with human connection
- climate change, pollution
- ignorance - / too dim dont have opinions - lazy as fuck, stupid
- static life, people being killed
Art Auction UK - 2011, Earthquake, Tsunami hit North East of Japan - killed thousands, injured, still missing
- Nuclear Fallout Disaster - Fukushima Daiichi
- not yet to be ‘contained’
Art Auction - fundraising, postcards raffles
Kaya Hanasaki 2012 - Performance/Audience - Activism, Anti Nuclear activist
- not just dealing with Fukushima Japan situation
- Also looks at diseases from other places
- Loca Activtist group to do a performance piece
- taken the photograph
- Audience participation reaction - wearing this mask
- Japan - people often wear masks - wearning/not wearing the mask is politicised
- government advertising that fukushima is under control - ‘lower radiation level’ (claimed) - within the limit
- people who actually believe the government to see whether its safe, as well as people who thinks its suspicious - therefore they wear the mask, to prevent from inhaling
- government says theres no need to wear it
- artist brough this idea, worked with different types of audiences, spoke to people to wear the mask, to think of the human right to breathing
- make a choice about breathing/not breathing
Hikaru Fuji - film maker
- artist, went to the affected area in fukushima, documented places - music festival taking place in fukushima
- alot of people critisizes the festival, bringing in people to inhale
- people who go to the festival is not compensated from the government
- easy for us to tell them to move - can’t just sell it, nobody would buy it/rent the flat - responsibility and survival
- worried about exposure to the audience, they made a big ground cover sheet by stictching the seats, than being contaminated on the actual ground
- (gesture) that people are doing this to care and protect the audience
- measure the radioactive particles in food, confirm and advertise that dosage -ask the audience whether they are willing to eat them
Komoro and Seo
- wanted to help - listening to local people’s voices, projecting that voices to the wider audience
- reconstructing the entire village
- broken village —> huge operation
- bringing the soil to lower land, brin the height to 50m - bringing up the whole land to 50m high, hoping the next tsunami will be prevented
- problems - landslide, exposing the soil - soil is not the same as natural land, when the next tsunami comes, its easy to washed away
- distance between your memory and what is given as a ‘gift”
- they sent so much time money and effort to reconstruct
- but down below there is real despair, they would feel the lost of their families
- people started to confine with them, how they actually felt - taking films
- people start to trust, voice to people outside
- unheard, quiet voices from people
- opening the camera paper, photographic paper - affected by radioactive particles
- beautiful, at the same time something which is very bad for the body
- covered himself with gears to accomplish this
- gone into the restricted zone, interacted with local residents
- Yumi Song - curator/director of art festival in fukushima - some part of it is very close to power station, but surround by mountains, not contaminated but used to be a resort hotel village, holidays, spa - nobody would go anymore - red zone), whole of the industry went down, secondary affection - they do not compensate - went to art festival to investigate, support the industry
- Botara Dokyuama,
Focusing on performance - Satoshi Hashimoto
- bit difference from the theatre and dance theatre
- more of gallery space and on street
- sometimes museum - time limited performances
- in his, he recites venue - 7-8 hours per day
- painting and sculptures - same with media art and photography
- sitting on the doorway and sees the leg (his own leg, shaved and put powder on) - for 7-8 hours
- one leg through the whole, prepared crush newspapers so they dont see , throw at them to catch their attention
- a kind of communication, surprised that its a man - asian big man and leg - alot of questions comes up
- doesn’t want the artist to just look at the artwork in his performances - wants to use the performative action as a device to push the adience to look deeper in awe, have conversation about what they have seen, something beyond what they have seen with their eyes.
- he likes to watch relate with audience even
- even when just looking at amazing films, if something else happens, diverts our gaze and allows us to relate it back to the work - interesting
- when considering issues from a far-off place - Hong Kong, also personal interaction - perspectives
- performance - one thing to discuss about when performing ourself/direct someone else to perform - another aspect to mention — to involve audience - three different tiers
- twist the assumption of a certain object to activate the object - for example if a chair is place in an exhibition, our assumption is to sit on it
- quiet museum, push a chair down, making loud noises - affect other audiences and viewers
- HUMAN ABILITY TO DETECT
- layers of perspective forming different interactions - the performance itself, the videographer and the audiences, as well as the audiences
- choice can be given by their physicality - clothes, size, height
- discrimination is in a way contrary to the
- ‘Over or Duck Under’
- Choosing left or right, but still going to the same space - but making the decision to go to the right of left is triggering the process of thought and decision making
- intention is to make audience responsible for that choice that they are making
Select object and write instruction
relationship between audience and object - documentation
REFLECTION QUESTIONS - 'RE-EDIT' - CRITIQUE
14/11/2019 - Thursday, RE-EDIT - CRITIQUE
How did the footage used inform the understanding of your piece?
half conscious - depicted knocked out, swinging sounds. Feeling heavy
context: building up
Making you feel unsettled don’t know what’s happening
Started to run away, outbreak, destruction, death, black and white blends out, smooth
Building up on something tension
Coming to eat other
Fight or flight
Different purposes of assembling of people
Purposes of people coming together
Different collection of bodies
Socially active in one way or another
Whether it is fleeing on attacking
Was your development of your concept a product of the found footage? Or in spite of it?
How could you improve this? What could you do next?
How did you feel about the re-approaching of someone else's work and making it your own?
What was the transformation of the found footage and did you alter its message?
What did you choose to reveal about the found footage and what did you choose to hide?